Information for Manitobans
 

Self-Isolation (Quarantine) and Isolation


Showing symptoms or exposed to COVID-19?

It's CRITICAL to follow public health advice when self-isolating (quarantining) or isolating to keep COVID-19 from spreading.

What are Isolation and Self-Isolation (Quarantine):

Isolation is the period of time in which individuals who have tested positive for COVID-19, or have symptoms of COVID-19, are required to stay away from others to limit further spread.

Self-isolation, or quarantine, is the period of time in which individuals who may have been exposed to COVID-19 are required to stay away from others to limit further spread. This includes close contacts, as well as people who have travelled and may have been exposed through travel.


Information on Isolation:

Information on Self-isolation (Quarantine):


Resources, Links and Fact Sheets on Isolation and Self-Isolation (Quarantine)




What is isolation and when to do it?

Isolation is the period of time in which individuals who have tested positive for COVID-19, or have symptoms of COVID-19, are required to stay away from others to limit further spread.


It’s CRITICAL to ISOLATE when:

  • You have tested positive for COVID-19 from a test taken at a lab or at a provincial testing site (a PCR test or a rapid molecular test), or from a rapid antigen test (RAT).
  • You have COVID-19 symptoms, regardless of whether you have been exposed through travel or contact with a case. If you do not go for testing, you should assume you have COVID-19 and follow the below guidance for cases.

Isolation periods for fully vaccinated vs not fully vaccinated:

There are different isolation periods for people who have been vaccinated and people who have not been vaccinated.

  • People who are fully vaccinated and do not have symptoms need to isolate for five days from the date of their positive test. 
  • People who are fully vaccinated and have symptoms need to isolate for five days from the day their symptoms started or the date of the test, whichever is later. They must also continue to isolate until they no longer have a fever and their other symptoms have been improving over the past 24 hours.
  • People who are not fully vaccinated need to isolate for 10 days from the date of their positive test. They must also continue to isolate until they no longer have a fever and their other symptoms have been improving over the past 24 hours.

Lingering symptoms such as cough or loss of taste or smell can persist beyond the isolation period, and if present, are not reasons for continuing isolation.

Fully vaccinated people who have finished their isolation must wear a medical grade mask in public settings for five days and avoid any non-essential visits to high-risk settings or non-essential contact with individuals at high risk for severe disease.

It is important to continue following the public health fundamentals even after you have recovered.

NOTE: Isolation and self-isolation (quarantine) recommendations for cases and close contacts may be different in some settings, including congregate settings and First Nations communities due to local context and differences in risk. Community members and visitors should follow facility or local public health guidance.

All cases should notify their close contacts, which includes your household members. Please review manitoba.ca/covid19/testing/monitoring/index.html for information on how to notify your close contacts.

Treatment for COVID-19 is now available for people at higher risk of severe disease. Please visit manitoba.ca/covid19/treatment/index.html for more information and to find out if you are eligible or call Health Links - Info Santé at 204-788-8200 or (toll-free) at 1-888-315-9257.

Isolating and international travel:

If you have travelled internationally, you must isolate for a minimum of 10 days, regardless of vaccination status. Individuals who travelled internationally, must follow Federal testing and isolation/self-isolation (quarantine) requirements.




How-to Isolate?

If you must isolate at home, the following measures should be followed, and may minimize the risk of exposing other household members.

  • Stay in your own room, on a separate floor if possible
  • Use your own bathroom, if not possible, ensure frequent cleaning and disinfection
  • If you must leave your room/ floor wear a medical mask and keep 2 meters/ 6 feet away from other household members
  • Confine activities to your home and outdoor property
  • Do not leave home to go to work, school or other public spaces
  • Do not attend faith-based services
  • Arrange to have groceries and supplies dropped off at your door. Do not go to curbside pickup from stores and restaurants
  • Do not have any visitors to your home
  • Cancel service providers who regularly come into your home. Consult with home care workers, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, social workers, and any other providers that come to your home about the bets action for care
  • Only leave you home if you need emergency or urgent medical care



What is Self-Isolation (quarantine) and why is it important?

Self-isolation, or quarantine, is the period of time in which individuals who may have been exposed to COVID-19 are required to stay away from others to limit further spread. This includes close contacts, as well as people who have travelled and may have been exposed through travel.


Close contacts are people who have shared space with a case during their period of communicability. Specifically, these are people within two metres/six feet of a case for a total of 10 minutes over a 24-hour period. This includes household members of the case.

Even if you do not have symptoms now, it is possible to transmit COVID-19 before you start showing symptoms or without ever developing symptoms.

  • Close contacts must self-isolate (quarantine) for 10 days from the date of the last exposure. They can leave self-isolation after 10 days if they don’t have any symptoms of COVID-19.
  • Close contacts who do not have symptoms and are fully vaccinated, or who have tested positive for COVID-19 and recovered within the last six months, are exempt from self-isolation (quarantine).

All close contacts who are exempt from self-isolation, particularly household contacts, need to be very cautious while the case is isolating, and avoid any non-essential visits to high-risk settings or non-essential contact with individuals at high risk for severe disease from COVID-19.  Individuals should still self-monitor for symptoms of COVID-19 for 14 days following any exposure, and isolate immediately if any develop and get tested.

If you become symptomatic during your self-isolation (quarantine), you will need to get tested and must continue self-isolating. You should assume you have COVID-19 if you develop symptoms, and should follow the guidance for isolation of COVID-19 cases. If you test negative, you are still required to complete your initial self-isolation (quarantine) period.

Note: As per the public health order, 14 days of self-isolation (quarantine) is required for all individuals returning to or coming to Manitoba from all jurisdictions, unless the individual is exempt in the order from quarantine. Individuals who travelled internationally, must follow Federal testing and self-isolation (quarantine) requirements.


When Self-Isolation (Quarantine) Ends:

Self-isolation (quarantine) for close contacts of a COVID-19 case is for 10 days, total. This means your self-isolation (quarantine) period ends on the 11th day after your last contact to someone with COVID-19. For example, if your Day One was March 28, your self-isolation ends on April 7. If you have no symptoms, this means you can stop self-isolating on April 8.

You should continue to focus on the fundamentals, including physical distancing, wearing masks and washing your hands.

If you live in a household with more than one COVID-19 case, you should continue to self-isolate (quarantine) for 10 days, or until the last case in your household finishes their isolation, whichever is later.

Household members of close contacts do not need to self-isolate (quarantine) as long as they and everyone in the household remain without symptoms, and there is no case in the household. If the close contact develops symptoms, all household members, unless otherwise exempt, should self-isolate (quarantine) until the symptomatic individual receives their COVID-19 test result.

Note: In times of increased community transmission and case numbers, public health officials may implement stricter requirements to reduce the spread of the virus. These additional measures may apply regionally or provincially. The online COVID-19 Screening Tool will provide guidance and direction on any new requirements.




How to Self-Isolate (Quarantine)

Stay away from others if you have cold or flu-like symptoms, even if you have not been exposed to COVID-19.

Follow these important steps to properly self-isolate (quarantine) and help prevent the spread of COVID-19 to others in your home and your community:

  • Avoid contact with other people.
  • Stay at home.
    • In a room or on a separate floor away from household members.
    • Stay away from common areas in the home.
    • Use a separate bathroom, if possible. If it is not possible, clean the shared bathroom frequently.
    • Wear a medical mask and stay two metres (six feet) away from others if you must leave your room or floor for necessary reasons, including using the bathroom.
    • Avoid contact with pets in your home.
  • Clean your hands regularly.
    • Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 15 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer:
      • Before and after preparing food (avoid preparing food for others)
      • Before and after eating
      • After using the toilet
      • After touching shared household items (e.g., dishes, towels, etc.)
      • Before and after touching/using a face mask
    • After disposing of waste (e.g. a tissue) or handling contaminated laundry
    • Whenever hands look dirty.
  • Cover your cough and sneeze.
    • Cough or sneeze into your sleeve or a tissue.
    • Throw used tissues in the garbage and immediately wash your hands, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid sharing household and personal items.
    • Do not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, serving/eating utensils, towels, bedding or other items.
    • Do not share cigarettes or other items that are put in the mouth.
  • Keep your environment clean.
    • Clean and disinfect high touch areas (toilets, taps, light switches, doorknobs, TVs, phones, electronics and TV remotes) at least twice daily, or as needed.
    • Use store bought disinfectant. If disinfectant is not available, use a diluted bleach solution (20 ml [four teaspoons] bleach for every litre of water) and allow the surface to remain wet for one minute before scrubbing.
    • Clean and disinfect shared bathrooms or common areas frequently.
    • Use hot water when operating the dishwasher or washing machine.
  • Make sure your home has good airflow.
    • Open the window, as weather allows.
  • Confine activities to your home and outdoor property.
  • Do not leave home to go to work, school or other public places.
  • Do not attend faith-based services.
  • Arrange to have groceries and supplies dropped off at your door. Do not go to curbside pickup from stores and restaurants.
  • Do not have any visitors to your home. 
  • Cancel or notify service providers who regularly come into your home that a household member is sick.
  • Consult with home care workers, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, social workers, and other service providers that come to your home about the best action for care.

Leave your home if you need emergency or urgent medical care.




Exemptions to self-isolation

If you are identified as a close contact of a COVID-19 case, but you have received both vaccine doses, you may be exempt from needing to self-isolate (quarantine), provided:

  • You have no symptoms and it has been more than 14 days since your 2nd dose at the time of the exposure, AND
  • You do not have a medical condition that could compromise vaccine effectiveness,
  • Or, you may be exempt if you have no symptoms and were previously infected with COVID-19 in the last 6 months.

Individuals should still monitor for symptoms of COVID-19 for 14 days following any exposure, and isolate yourself immediately if any develop and get tested. All close contacts who are exempt from self-isolation, particularly household contacts, need to be very cautious while the case is isolating, and avoid any non-essential visits to high-risk settings or non-essential contact with individuals at high risk for severe disease from COVID-19.

For domestic travellers, if you are fully immunized and two weeks have passed since your last dose at the time of your arrival, you are exempt from needing to self-isolate (quarantine) under the provincial travel order. Domestic travel exemptions include children who are not eligible for the vaccine based on age, if all individuals they travelled with are fully immunized.

International travelers MUST follow federal self-isolation (quarantine) requirements.




Additional Resources: