Information for Manitobans

Treatment for COVID-19


Have you had a positive test for COVID-19?
Do you have symptoms?
Has it been less than 5 to 7 days since your symptoms started?

You might meet the criteria for COVID-19 treatment. While treatment helps reduce serious outcomes caused by COVID-19, it is NOT a substitute for full vaccination.

To qualify, you must:

  • Have a positive COVID-19 test, AND;
  • Have symptoms that began within the last 5-7 days, AND;

Meet the criteria in ONE of the six categories below:

  • Be unvaccinated or partially vaccinated, AND;
  • Have no history of a test confirmed COVID-19 infection in the last 6 months, AND;
  • Be 40 years of age or older; OR

  • Be unvaccinated or partially vaccinated, AND;
  • Have no history of a test confirmed COVID-19 infection in the last 6 months, AND;
  • Be 18-40 years old, AND;
  • Are pregnant or recently pregnant, smoke (or have in the past) or have a serious health condition* which may include diabetes, obesity, heart disease, kidney disease, lung disease, liver disease or cancer; OR

  • Be 12 years or older (regardless of whether you are vaccinated or previously infected with COVID-19), AND;
  • Be immunocompromised due to a medical condition or treatment; OR

  • Self-identify as Indigenous and be 40 years or older AND;  
  • Have no history of a test confirmed COVID-19 infection in the last 6 months, AND;
  • Be fully vaccinated but you have not received a third dose and it has been more than 4 months since your last dose**, AND;
  • Are pregnant or recently pregnant, smoke (or have in the past) or have a serious health condition* which may include diabetes, obesity, heart disease, kidney disease, lung disease, liver disease or cancer; OR

  • Be 50 years or older, AND;
  • Have no history of a test confirmed COVID-19 infection in the last 6 months, AND;
  • Be fully vaccinated but you have not received a third dose and it has been more than 4 months since your last dose**, AND;
  • Are pregnant or recently pregnant, smoke (or have in the past) or have a serious health condition* which may include diabetes, obesity, heart disease, kidney disease, lung disease, liver disease or cancer; OR

  • Be 12-17 years old, AND;
  • Be unvaccinated or partially vaccinated, AND;
  • Have no prior history of COVID-19 infection, AND;
  • Have a serious health condition which may include diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, lung disease or liver disease.

*You may still qualify even though your specific serious health condition is not listed here. Talk to your health care provider or call Health Links - Info Santé to find out if you may be eligible.

**Or you received your third dose and it has been less than 14 days since your dose


All people must be able to receive treatment within the specific timeframe required to be eligible. Different treatments must be given within either 5 or 7 days of symptom onset.


I did a rapid antigen test at home and it is positive. I think I meet all the necessary criteria for this treatment. Do I need to get a PCR test as well?

If you meet all eligibility criteria and your self-administered rapid antigen test shows a positive result, you may be referred for treatment. Contact your health care provider or Health Links - Info Santé to confirm your eligibility and the location where you may be able to receive treatment.  A health care provider will repeat a rapid test to confirm the self-administered test result if a PCR test result isn’t available at the time of your assessment.


Find Out If You Qualify

Individuals 12 to 17 year old who have tested positive for COVID-19 and meet the above criteria should contact their pediatrician or pediatric subspecialist to find out if they qualify to receive treatment and if eligible, will be referred for treatment.

If you are 18 years and older, have tested positive for COVID-19, your symptoms began less than 5 to 7 days ago, AND you meet the above criteria, please call Health Links - Info Santé at 204-788-8200 or 1-888-315-9257 to find out if you qualify to receive treatment. If you are eligible, you will be referred for treatment.

If you have a health condition, you can also discuss with your health care provider whether COVID-19 treatment is right for you.


COVID-19 illnesses range from very mild to severe, including illness resulting in death. People of all ages with severe chronic medical conditions like heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, and other conditions including obesity, can be at higher risk of being hospitalized for COVID-19. Older age, with or without other conditions, also places people at higher risk of being hospitalized for COVID-19. When given in the early phase of COVID-19 infection, treatment has been shown to prevent hospitalization or death in patients with mild or moderate illness due to COVID-19.

People at higher risk of severe disease, including those who have been vaccinated, should get tested early if they develop symptoms of COVID-19. Treatment is only effective in the very early phases of infection so early testing after symptoms start is important.


Treatment may be offered to unvaccinated people who are at risk of severe disease due to their age and/or medical condition, as well as people with weakened immune systems who may not respond to vaccination. 

There are currently two types of treatments available:

  • Oral Antiviral Treatment
  • Monoclonal Antibody Treatment

The treatments for COVID-19, listed on this web page, have received interim approval by Health Canada for early treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 illness in people at risk of becoming severely ill. Health Canada has authorized the use of these drugs based on limited clinical testing in humans, and reviews of safety, efficacy, and quality.

Other treatments may become available. Your health care provider or the prescribing clinician will let you know what your treatment options are at the time of your referral.


At this time, only monoclonal antibody treatment has been authorized by Health Canada for use in children 12 years and older and who weigh at least 40 kg. Other treatments may become available. Your pediatrician, pediatric subspecialist or the prescribing clinician will let you know what the treatment options are at the time of your referral.


When a virus causes infection, one thing it does is make copies of itself. This is an important part of what a virus needs to do to cause illness. Oral antiviral treatment stops the COVID-19 virus from copying itself, which helps prevent severe illness and may help you get better faster. Oral antiviral treatment comes in the form of a pill taken by mouth as prescribed. This treatment must be started within 5 days of symptom onset.

Current Antiviral Treatment: 


Monoclonal antibody treatment uses laboratory-made proteins, or antibodies, to give people with no prior antibodies to COVID-19 an initial immune response that may prevent serious illness. Antibodies are used by your immune system to fight off foreign substances. Monoclonal antibodies give your body temporary antibodies faster than your body can make them.

Monoclonal antibody treatment can only be given to you once. It is delivered intravenously (using a needle into your vein). The antibodies attach to the spike protein of the coronavirus, and keep the virus from entering and infecting healthy cells within your body to prevent COVID-19 symptoms from getting worse. This treatment must be started within 7 days of symptom onset.
Current Monoclonal Antibody Treatment:


Once a referral is made, a prescribing clinician will review your situation. Their review will include your medical history, current medications and when your symptoms started to determine if you are eligible for treatment and if so, which treatment is appropriate for you. 


Contracting and being treated for COVID-19 does not offer the same protection as vaccination and it is possible to become sick again with COVID-19. The best way to prevent COVID-19 is to be fully vaccinated.

If you receive monoclonal antibody treatment you must wait to be vaccinated for 90 days after your treatment because the antibodies in the treatment may also prevent your immune system from responding to the vaccine.

If you receive oral antiviral treatment, you must wait until you have competed your treatment, your COVID-19 symptoms are gone and your period of isolation is over.

Find a vaccination clinic near you to book an appointment


For individuals 18 years and older, if you have been referred to a clinic for treatment and have not received an appointment within 24 hours, please call Health Links - Info Santé at 204-788-8200 or 1-888-315-9257.


Treatment does not shorten your isolation time. It is important you continue to follow the isolation requirements given to you at the time of your positive test.

For more information on isolation, visit: https://www.manitoba.ca/covid19/updates/resources.html#collapse2 to view the Individuals with Symptoms and/or Waiting for COVID-19 Test Results fact sheet.


Call Health Links - Info Santé at 204-788-8200 or 1-888-315-9257 or your health care provider if you have questions or concerns.

Call 911 immediately if you experience severe symptoms of COVID-19, such as:

  • difficulty breathing
  • severe chest pain
  • feelings of confusion
  • loss of consciousness.

Health care providers can refer eligible inpatients (non-COVID-19 related admission) and outpatients. For more information, visit https://sharedhealthmb.ca/covid19/mab/


Manitoba's COVID-19 treatment approach is based on current and developing medical evidence. As the situation evolves and treatment options become available, they are reviewed.  


Resources